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Ayuntamiento and AECC exchange cigars for carnations on the occasion of World No Tobacco Day (31/05/2018)

Two information tables installed in Alameda de la Constitución and Huerto de la Rueda (coinciding with the celebration of the weekly market) spread the fateful consequences of smoking against health.

The Councilor for Health and Consumer Affairs in the City of Lorca, María del Carmen Ruiz, along with the President of the Spanish Association against Cancer, Carmen Orovio, have participated in the awareness events that take place during today's day with the occasion of the celebration of World No Tobacco Day.

For this date, two information tables have been installed in Alameda de la Constitución and the main entrance to the Huerto de la Rueda, an enclave especially traveled this morning for the celebration of the traditional weekly market.

In these tables all citizens are disseminated a series of forms that contain recommendations to stop smoking, in addition to the pernicious effects that the smoking habit has on our health.

The Town Hall of Health has indicated that to get the attention of smokers 300 keys will be exchanged for cigarettes.

We must emphasize that this year professionals from all health centers in area III participate in training actions to promote the abandonment of tobacco.

This is an initiative of the Ministry of Health that will be developed between the months of October to June of next year.

The objective is to promote the abandonment of tobacco among their patients with training sessions in which they will work on aspects such as motivation and behavior change management.

The theme of 2018 is Tobacco and heart disease, a campaign that seeks to draw attention to the relationship between tobacco and heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases, which are the leading causes of death in the world.

The City Council informs about the risks of active and passive smoking, and the need to promote tobacco-free spaces in different environments and to favor assistance for smoking cessation.

It is about advocating respect for areas totally free of tobacco and smoke.

Smokers should know that in smoke-filled spaces they breathe chemicals that cause cancer such as Formaldehyde (used to embalm corpses), Benzene (present in gasoline), Polonium (radioactive) and Vinyl Chloride (used in the preparation of pipelines).

These environments also have concentrations of toxic metals such as Arsenic (pesticides), Chromium (steel), Lead (paints) and Cadmium (batteries).

Other poisonous gases in these spaces are Carbon Monoxide (exhaust gases), Cyanhydric Acid (chemical weapons), Ammonia (cleaners) and Toluene (solvents).

The percentage of young people who smoke daily has dropped from 8 to 6.8 percent in the last two years in the Region.

Smoking cessation is one of the main objectives of public administrations.

To facilitate the methodology of work in health centers, a guide has been published that will help professionals to provide support and treatment to people who want to quit smoking, promote the development of a common policy without tobacco in health services and promote spaces without tobacco with compliance with current legislation.

It should be noted that there has been a decrease in the number of young people between 14 and 18 years old who, according to the latest Survey on drug use in secondary education ESTUDES 2017, smokes daily in the Region.

This figure has dropped from 8 percent of daily smokers in 2014 to 6.8 percent in 2017, below the national average of 8.8 percent.

This is a very encouraging fact, considering that only a few years ago, in 2000, it rose to 24.8 percent of young people between 14 and 18 years old.

Among the adult population (15 years or more) daily tobacco consumption in the Region is 25.6 percent, two points above the average of 23 percent, according to the European Health Survey in Spain for 2014 The age of beginning of consumption is in Spain and in the Region around 14 years.

Smoking is the main avoidable risk factor for cancer and the one that causes more deaths from this cause.

Tobacco is directly related to 90 percent of cases of lung cancer and half of those of bladder, in addition to mouth, lips, tongue, larynx and pharynx, stomach, esophagus, pancreas, kidney, uterus, colon and of rectum, liver, breast, ovary and certain forms of leukemia. Tobacco kills more people than AIDS, illegal drugs, traffic accidents and alcohol together.

World No Tobacco Day is celebrated on May 31 to highlight the risks associated with smoking and advocate for effective policies to reduce their use.

The World Health Organization (WHO) focuses this year on the celebration of World No Tobacco Day on the impact of tobacco consumption on the cardiovascular health of people around the world.

Tobacco use is an important risk factor for coronary heart disease, stroke and peripheral vascular disease.

Despite the fact that the damage to heart health caused by smoking and the availability of solutions to reduce the morbidity and mortality it causes are well known, large sectors of the population are unaware that it is one of the main causes of cardiovascular diseases.

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide, and tobacco use and exposure to second-hand smoke contribute to about 17% of deaths from heart disease.

Tobacco use is the second cause of cardiovascular diseases, after high blood pressure.

The global tobacco epidemic causes more than 7 million deaths every year, 900,000 of which correspond to non-smokers who breathe second-hand smoke.

About 80% of the more than 1000 million smokers in the world live in low and middle income countries, which bear the greatest burden of disease related to this product.

Source: Ayuntamiento de Lorca

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